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04 September 2007 @ 12:21 pm
2001 Mengku Shuan Jiang Factory "Yuanyexiang" -- Dry & Wet Stored  
The 2 versions of the Yuanyexiang have been excellently reviewed by Hobbes (thin paper; thick paper), and by VL of Tea Logic (thick paper). I'm sure there are excellent reviews out there by other tea bloggers, though Hobbes' and VL's are the ones I remember reading. Since I don't see any note on this tea among the list in Our Review Archive, I thought it would be useful to have these notes added to the LJ Puerh for our future reference and collective opinion. Below is a cross-posting from my own blog

The following is a side-by-side comparison of the popular 2001 Mengku Shuang Jiang Factory's "Yuanyexiang" (also spelled "Yuan Yieh Xiang" or simply “YYX”). The leaves of this compressed tea came from the Mengsa Mtn. Proper (Mengsa Zhengshan) in Yunnan Province.

Yuanyexiang is another successful project by a well-known Hong Kong tea merchant, Mr. Chan Kwok-yee of
Best Tea House, who popularized the the dry storage method of storing pu'er. With this tea, Mr. Chan decided to store some in a dryer condition and some in a more humid environment. Upon introduction into the market, the Yuanyexiang were distinguished by the 2 methods under which they were stored in. The dry-stored version is identified by the thinner paper used as its wrapper, while the wet-stored version by its slightly thicker paper wrapper. (See pictures below for more details).

As the term implies, dry storage is literally a method of storing teas in a dryer environment, though not exceedingly dry either. Wet storage, on the other hand, is the storing of teas in an environment of increased humidity. The main objective of wet storage is to accelerate the fermentation of the leaves so as to produce mellower, sweeter and smoother tea (generally more approachable to drink) in a shorter period of time. The 2 methods create significantly different end-products, and it shows very clearly by tasting the Yuanyexiang teas. The majority of opinion seems to indicate that the dry-stored Yuanyexiang is the better of the two versions. I agree to a certain extent, though with a slight reservation, which I will elaborate further in the second last paragraph of this post.

Side note: the wet storage (wo dui in mandarin) treatment is perhaps also referred to as "traditional storage" to dispel the negative connotation associated with the term. The general consumers tend to misconcieve the term "wet storage" as something shoddy and unhealthy, partly (and fairly) because many shoddy teas are produced through a poorly controlled wet storage method. This in turn lend the term an ill-interpretation to the everyday consumers. In reality, however, a well-controlled wet storage by knowledgeable tea professionals can yield wonderful results that is harmless (and perhaps beneficial) to one's health. (Disclaimer: I am not a health professional and, therefore, can not back my opinion with hard scientific facts)

The popularity of the Yuanyexiang is partly borne out of a publicized tea tasting session in Tokyo, Japan, where 3 very highly regarded pu'er were tasted and judged against each other (as featured in the Puerh Teapot Magazine vol. 16). The story goes that the Yuanyexiang came second after the 1999 Yi Chang-hao and bested the excellent 1999 Menghai "Green Big Tree" black label (personally, I think the Menghai "Green Big Tree" is slightly better than the YYX).

Echoing the general pu’er market and Yuanyexiang’s own growing popularity among tea aficionados, collectors and investors alike, the price of the Yuanyexiang has moved up quite significantly in the past months. In early January of 2007, Best Tea House in Hong Kong sold the dry-stored version for RMB 650 per 357gr beeng (USD $86 at the current exchange rate) and for RMB 500 each if you buy 10 jians (840 beengs). The same tea currently is priced at RMB 880 (USD $117) per beeng and RMB 600 at wholesale quantity. This translates to a 35% and 20% increase per beeng and wholesale, respectively, over the past 8 months.  Houde had also increased the tea's price (the thin-paper version) by around 23%, from $79.50/beeng in November 2006 to $97.50 in August 2007.  The online Chinese auction site Taobao listed the dry-stored version for RMB 600 per beeng back in early January, and it is currently offering the same tea for RMB 900; a 50% increase! On the contrary,
MarshalN, who has a closer touch with the tea market in China, informed me that the dry-stored YYX can still be had for much less than RMB 600 per beeng.

Let's take a look at the teas -- the tea porn, as they say. I hope the following observation will be a useful reference for your buying and collecting decision.

^ The wrappers. The dry-stored version uses a much thinner wrapper than the wet-stored version. The neifei (inner ticket) is clearly visible through the thinner wrapper, while the opacity of the thicker wrapper hides the neifei better.

^ The pictures above probably do not very clearly show the differences between the dry and the wet-stored versions. By naked eyes, however, the wet-stored version is noticeably redder / browner. The most obvious indication that one of them was subjected to a wet storage condition is the presence of very thin, white coating throughout, but most obvious on the top-middle section around the neifei (inner paper ticket).

^ A close up of the neifei and surrounding. Notice that the wet-stored version's neifei is generally browner as if it is tea-stained. The dry-stored version's neifei, on the other hand, is much cleaner and whiter. Although the leaves of the dry-stored tea is almost as red-brown in color, there is a certain freshness and crispiness to its overall look.


The 2 teas were tasted one after another; meaning that I finished a session of 10 infusions, rested for an hour or so, and then continued with the other tea. I thought this would provide a fairer impression of each tea. The parameter applied were exactly (or very nearly) the same for both teas.

Dry-stored (thin wrapper)

Parameter: ~ 8gr in an 100ml gaiwan. 10 sec. rinse. 10s, 15s, 15s, 20s, 20s, 30s, 45s, 2m, 4m, 10m.


Dry leaves: the nose is sweet, mellow, plumy, woody, incense-like with a mushroom-y note on the lower strata of its aroma.

Wet leaves: woody (bark), mushroom-y, slightly medicinal and clean.

The clarity of the liquor is crystal, which is very promising (all the high caliber pu'er teas that I have tasted consistently had crystal clarity). Earlier infusions (1st and 2nd) exhibits a mild Chinese medicinal qualities. It is slender bodied, clean-tasting with a smooth texture.

The tea started to sing melodiously by the 3rd infusion and continue on until the 7th, providing ample complexities. The medicinal, woody, mushroom-y, and the slightly greenish qualities are lively and balanced. Medium body, extremely smooth, and almost non-existent astringency (feels like thick water in the mouth). The camphor-like nose started to appear around the 4th infusion.

Around the 8th infusion, the tea turned rather watery, and it was downhill from then on. In retrospect, I employed rather long infusion time to achieve a concentrated ("nong") result in evaluating both teas. I think with a 50% shorter infusions, as I usually employ with other pu'er, I should be able to get a few more infusions out of the tea.

For what it's worth, this tea reminds me very much of the excellent 1960's Bazhong Huangyin, especially the Chinese-medicinal taste.

4 stars (vg), with great potential to improve with age and proper storage.

Wet-stored (thick wrapper)

Parameter: as applied to the dry-stored tea.

Dry leaves: aroma of damp wood and earth and slightly medicinal. Simpler and rather one-dimensional.


Wet leaves: smells rather bookish, woody, earthy and mellow-sweet.

The brews throughout the 10 infusions I had were much deeper reddish-brown (as you can see from comparing the pictures above). The taste of this tea was rather simple overall and significantly less complex than the dry-stored version. However, this tea had a rounder body and thicker overall mouthfeel, as wont wet-stored teas. Surprisingly, the tea felt a bit more astringent on the tongue and mouth than its dry-stored cousin, which was very clean-tasting. The camphor-like aromas also appeared around the mid-infusions.

The 2 advantages of this tea over the dry-stored one is its better brewing durability and fuller overall body. This tea was able to brew well beyond its 10th infusion with the same brewing parameter as the other one.

I mentioned above that the consensus of opinion seems to indicate that the dry-stored version is the better of the two. While I agree, I also think the wet-stored one has the potential to improve in a good way, too. To draw a parallel, I am quite certain that at some point the 1960's Bazhong Huangyin that I enjoyed very much went through a period of traditional storage. So why won't it be beneficial for the Yuanyexiang in the long run, too? Granted that it does not taste as complex as the dry-stored one today, it may still show itself up later down the line with proper storage. Who knows until then?

At this moment, however, I am giving the wet-stored version a 3-star rating (good) with my sincere hope that it will age with grace and improve.

shichangpu on September 4th, 2007 08:35 pm (UTC)
thanks for this post, phyll.

imo, these are both excellent teas. i've tasted (and bought) both, and although i find it hard to compare them, my experience of them differs from the general consensus: if i had to choose one or the other, and they were the same price, i would opt for the wet stored edition.

yes, i know this is very personal. i really like good wet-stored puer, as does my digestive system. the aromatic complexity of the dry stored is almost-exquisite, but for my palate, the deep cherry notes of the wet stored are (just slightly) preferable.

i know davelcorp has done a back-to-back with these (i have not done a direct comparison yet)--i'd be curious to hear his take, although i think he prefers the dry-stored version.

this is a tough one. sort of like being asked whether one prefers swiss chocolate or belgian chocolate. the answer is yes...

phyll_sheng on September 4th, 2007 11:14 pm (UTC)
"i really like good wet-stored puer"

As do I :)

The dryer-stored one (thin paper), as MarshalN pointed out, is not quite dry-stored either. There is certainly more nuances and layers ("Ogres have layers!" ~ Shrek) with the thin-paper, and I found it to be the more interesting of the two. The thick-paper version is good, too, but rather one-dimensional and rough still on the palate (give it a few more years, perhaps). I think the roughness would be very noticeable if you drink it side-by-side a much older sheng (the "1985 Yiwu" that you have, for example).
shichangpu on September 4th, 2007 11:41 pm (UTC)
agreed, and well put.

i do enjoy the straightforwardness of the wet, and don't find it less subtle than the dry. just balanced differently.

there is, as vl says, a distinct bitterness to the wet that makes me think it will age in some interesting way. and i find the bitterness enjoyable as well.

in my cup: '01 mengku thin-paper

warguineapig on September 5th, 2007 08:46 am (UTC)
And I do like the thin-paper one more.
This tea although is only 6 years old have some agedness in it, so I suppose it wasn't totally dry stored, either, but still... the thick papered version is strong and long, but still, the thin-papered has much more subtluety, more layers, more different tastes. I like the thin-papered more.
wisdom_sun on September 5th, 2007 08:32 am (UTC)
Dear Phyll:

Actually, "traditional storage/conditioning", "wet storage" and "wu dui (pile fermentation)" are THREE ENTIRELY DIFFERENT processes. As a starter, cakes are very difficult, if not impossible, to "wu dui"; technology-wise it can only be done to maocha. Secondly, traditional conditioning uses alternatively a cellar-warehouse, which is relatively more humid, and a natural-warehouse, which is equivalent to the so-called "dry-storage". Wet-storage, to be precise and fair, applies only to either mis-managed conditioning or those deliberate attempts to produce and market younger teas disguised as aged, in which case either a cellar-warehouse is used exclusively without the tempering benefit of natural-warehouse, or humidity is artificially increased by sprinkling water over the tea.

I sense that you, as am I, are not biased toward what I would call "mummified Puerh", so I thought we really needed to be a bit more precise about the terms we use, lest we scare off lovers of "traditionally-conditioned Puerh" by calling something "wet-stored".

Just my two cents...

phyll_sheng on September 5th, 2007 04:38 pm (UTC)
Hi Wisdom Sun:

I couldn't agree more that term precision is required. I stand corrected that wo dui is only applicable to the process of making shu pu'er. I've seen the terms "traditional storage" and "wet-storage" used interchangably, however, at least in colloquial discussion.

Thanks very much for the clarification on the three terms! Your knowledagble comment is appreciated and noted for future reference. I will make the necessary correction to the above a bit later.


phyll_sheng on September 6th, 2007 07:30 pm (UTC)

Paragraph 5, 1st sentence:

Side note: the wet storage (wo dui shicang in mandarin) treatment...

Further, based on Wisdom_Sun's comment above (thanks!), for the purposes of this post please regard:

"dry-stored" as dryer-stored, and
"wet-stored" as wetter-stored or traditionally stored

...so as to clarify that the thin-paper version was not strictly dry-stored, and the thick-paper version was not "wet-stored" in any derogatory sense of the term as in "to fake an aged tea." The degree of which the 2 versions of the YYX were dryer-stored or wetter-stored is strictly in relation to each other only.

Please don't hesitate to let me know if there are other errors. Thank you!
adrian_l on September 12th, 2007 02:57 am (UTC)
2001 Mengku Shuan Jiang Factory "Yuanyexiang" -- Dry & Wet Stored
These are excellent notes - thanks for posting. I spent the day drinking the wet version. Singular, but pretty good. Starting to appreciate wet(ter) storage for what it is...

On a different note, did you ever get around to trying the SFTM 2005 Rooster cake?
phyll_sheng on September 12th, 2007 06:15 pm (UTC)
Re: 2001 Mengku Shuan Jiang Factory "Yuanyexiang" -- Dry & Wet Stored
Didn't get a chance to go to the off-site cellar to pick a beeng up. Will try again this week. This is the disadvantage of having your pu stored elsewhere...(even though the storage facility is only a 10-minute drive away).